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Archaeology in the Žitava valley I

Archaeology in the Žitava valley I

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The early Neolithic site of Vráble (5250-4950 cal BCE) is among the largest LBK settlement agglomerations in Central Europe, and exceptional within the southwest Slovakian area. Geophysical surveys revealed more than 300 houses, grouped into three contemporary neighbourhoods, one of which is delineated by a complex ditched enclosure system. This enclosure is associated with a large number of human remains, which reveal new patterns of burial and deposition practices. This volume presents the first part of the results of an international research project that was started in 2012 and aims to explore the social implications of settlement concentration in the context of early farming communities, on the background of subsistence patterns and landscape use.
This is the first volume of "Archaeology in the Žitava valley", and it presents the finds, features and data uncovered and synthesised from our archaeological, pedological, geophysical, archaeobotanical, anthropological, zoo-archaeological and stable isotope studies on the site of Vráble "Ve?ké Lehemby" and "Fárske" in southwest Slovakia. These data are used to reconstruct the social and economic patterns and social processes, highlighting a growing tension between incentives of cooperation and sharing vs. monopolisation of resources and individual interests, driving the 300-year history of this site until its total abandonment. While the history of Vráble is unique, it holds clues for a better understanding of the overall, central European phenomenon of large, enclosed settlements of the later LBK, their association with rituals and violence involving human bodies, and the end of the LBK social world.
Contents:
1. Research at the LBK and Želiezovce settlement site of Vráble
Ivan Cheben, Martin Furholt
2. Scientific analyses at Vráble
2.1 Large scale magnetic prospections at Vráble "Ve?ké Lehemby" and "Fárske"
Knut Rassmann, Kay Winkelmann, Wolfgang Rabbel, Martin Furholt
2.2 Extending archaeological documentation from 2D to 3D: The benefits of geophysical on-site measurements in excavations
Natalie Pickartz, Erica Corradini, Raphael Kahn, Diana Panning, Knut Rassmann, Nils Müller-Scheeßel, Martin Furholt, Dennis Wilken, Tina Wunderlich, Wolfgang Rabbel
2.3 Geoarchaeology at Neolithic Vráble, Slovakia - New insights into early environmental impact from soils and sediments
Stefan Dreibrodt, Hans-Rudolf Bork
3. Settlement features and human burials
3.1. Built structures at the LBK and Želiezovce settlement site of Vráble
Ivan Cheben, Martin Furholt, Nils Müller-Scheeßel
3.2. The burials and human remains from the LBK and Želiezovce settlement site of Vráble
Nils Müller-Scheeßel, Zuzana Huke?ová
4. Chronology
4.1. Typochronology of the pottery from the LBK and Želiezovce settlement site of Vráble
Ivan Cheben, Alena Bistakova, Martin Furholt, Bastian Wolthoff, Wiebke Mainusch, Nils Müller-Scheeßel
4.2 Radiocarbon dating at the LBK and Želiezovce settlement site of Vráble
John Meadows
5. Material Culture, plants and animal data
5.1 The pottery and ornamentic styles from the LBK and Želiezovce settlement site of Vráble
Ivan, Cheben, Alena Bistakova
5.2 Stone tools from the LBK and Želiezovce settlement site of Vráble
Michael Cheben, Nils Müller-Scheeßel
5.3 Bone tools from the LBK and Želiezovce settlement site of Vráble
Rebekka Eckelmann
5.4 Animal bones from the LBK and Želiezovce settlement site of Vráble
Ulrich Schmölcke, Rebekka Eckelmann
5.5 Archaeobotanical remains from the LBK and Želiezovce settlement site of Vráble
Dragana Filipovi?, Helmut Kroll, Wiebke Kirleis
5.6 Anthracological remains from the LBK and Želiezovce settlement site of Vráble
Tim Schroedter
5.7 Snail Shells from the LBK and Želiezovce settlement site of Vráble
Frank Schlütz
5.8 Stable isotopic perspectives of animal and human diet at the LBK and Želiezovce settlement site of Vráble
Rosalind E. Gillis, Cheryl A. Makarewicz
6. Synthesis: Demography, economy and social organisation at the LBK and Želiezovce settlement site of Vráble
6.1 Demography of the LBK and Želiezovce settlement site of Vráble and the Žitava valley
Johannes Müller, Maria Wunderlich, Ivan Cheben, Alena Bistakova, Nils Müller-Scheeßel, Martin Furholt
6.2 Subsistence economy of the LBK and Želiezovce settlement site of Vráble
Martin Furholt, Dragana Filipovi?, Ulrich Schmölcke, Rebekka Eckelmann
6.3 A political economy of the LBK and Želiezovce settlement site of Vráble
Maria Wunderlich, Martin Furholt, Johannes Müller, Ivan Cheben, Alena Bistakova, Nils Müller-Scheeßel
Genre
Geschiedenis & Politiek
Archeologie
Aantal pagina’s
350
Uitgeverij
Sidestone Press Academics
Laatste editie
09 september 2020
ISBN
9789088908972 , 9789088908989
+

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